Engineering is a field of study that combines technology and science with mathematics to develop, construct, and sustain structures, machines, hardware, software, and systems and processes. This profession has a wide range of job options in various industries, rendering this one of the most popular courses for students following Class 12, particularly those in the Science stream. According to AICTE figures for 2021-22, the country has 5917 engineering and technology institutions with a total yearly enrolment of 23,61,753 students.
Admittance to engineering programs differs from one institute to the next. Students must have completed class 12, having Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics as subjects as one of the essential requirements. Various institutes have a certain percentage of marks in class 12 requirements. However, that varies by institute. In addition, some institutes have a maximum and minimum age requirement for admission to engineering programs. Medical clearance is required for Aeronautical Engineering and Marine Engineering programs, which students must obtain before enrolling. Seats in engineering institutions are usually allocated through an entrance exam. However, several institutes also admit students based on their class 12 grades.
Mechanical engineering would be a four-year bachelor's degree course that offers students the fundamentals of how heavy equipment and machinery operate. A mechanical engineering student would know how to design aircraft, electric motors, automobiles, and other heavy vehicles. Mechanical engineers create it all, ranging from fresh batteries to athletic gear to medical devices and desktop computers, car engines, air conditioners, and electric power plants. These engineers also create the machines that make such innovations possible. Mechanical engineering has a wide range of applications in India and internationally, as it touches almost every area of our lives in some way. The job prospects for students studying the program are vast, spanning numerous industries.
A few of the leading recruiters for Mechanical Engineering grads are
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, BMW, Toshiba, Tata Motors, Larsen and Toubro Ltd, GE Global Research, Maruti Suzuki, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Reliance Industries, and Siemens
Computer Science Engineering (CSE) is a degree program that combines the fields of computer science with engineering. This happens to be one of the most popular courses among engineering students. The course covers a wide range of topics, but it focuses on networking and computer programming fundamentals. Algorithms, Computation, program design, programming languages, computer hardware, and computer software, among other topics, are studied in this course.
Computer science engineers work on personal computers, individual microprocessors, and supercomputers for circuit design and software development.
Several technical institutes in India, as well as worldwide, provide Computer Science Engineering degrees at the undergraduate along with postgraduate levels. In addition, these institutes offer BTech and MTech programs in Computer Science Engineering. The above courses educate students about the design, development, and administration of computer software and hardware information systems.
Candidates pursuing the CSE program, which also happens to be one of the engineering specialisations, have the option of specialising in telecommunications, web design, computer software and hardware testing and management, and so forth. Computer programmers, Data scientists, hardware engineers, systems analysts, system engineers, software developers, system designers, IT consultants, web developers, networking engineers, mobility testers, database administrators, e-commerce specialists, programmers, and software testers are examples of professionals who work in this field.
Electronics Engineering is the engineering discipline that designs devices, electronic circuits, systems, and integrated circuits, using electronic systems including transistors, semiconductors, and diodes. For example, passive electrical components are commonly designed by engineers using circuit boards. In addition, electronics engineers frequently test circuits that use various electrical components like capacitors, resistors, inductors, and other components to fulfil a specific function.
Electrical Engineering can be described as a subfield of Electronics Engineering. Digital Electronics, Analog Electronics, Power Electronics, Embedded Systems, and other topics in Electronics Engineering are covered. Some colleges provide academic degrees for taking electronics engineering studies with something like a major in electronics engineering, whereas others offer degrees in Electrical Engineering. In some cases, the phrase "electrical engineer" is still being used when describing Electronics engineers, not realising that there is a difference between the two.
Electronics Engineers are employed by some of the most prestigious companies in various industries. Candidates have a wide range of alternatives from which to choose. The recruitment companies are-
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Research and Development Laboratories, National Thermal Power Corporation, Defence Organisations, CISCO, Texas Industries, IBM, and AMD
Civil engineering has been one of the longest living as well as broadest engineering disciplines, encompassing the design, planning, maintenance, construction, and supervision of infrastructures such as bridges, highways, schools, tunnels, airports, hospitals, and other buildings, including the sewage systems along with water treatment facilities. As a result, the course includes public and environmental health protection and infrastructure improvement.
The Civil Engineering Market is predicted to expand to USD 11.72 trillion by 2025, per a recent research analysis by Global Market Insights, Inc.
Civil engineering is offered at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in India, resulting in BTech and MTech degrees.
Defense Forces Development Boards, Municipal Bodies, and other organisations hire civil engineers. They work in the public and private sectors on all aspects of the highway, road, dam, bridge, dock, canal, airport, and= housing complex design, building, maintenance, and environmental management. Civil engineers also operate as military and defence services, consultants, and quality testing laboratories.
Electrical engineering is a discipline of engineering that studies how electronics, electricity, and electromagnetism are used in everyday life. Electric circuits, as well as equipment, are designed by electrical engineers. They manufacture, design, and operate industrial machinery, power plants, computer chips, electrical motors, and ignition systems for autos, aircraft, spacecraft, and all types of engines. Speech, Acoustics, electromagnetic compatibility, signal processing, vehicular technology, geoscience and remote sensing, laser and robotics, electro-optics, ferroelectrics, ultrasonics, and frequency control are just a few of the disciplines covered by Electrical Engineering.
A certified electrical engineer can operate in various fields, including cell phones, computers, radars, electronic devices, power plants, navigation systems, and so on. The average starting pay for new electrical engineering graduates is around Rs 4 lakh.
Electrical Engineering is commonly associated with wires and circuits. However, all should know that it is much more than just that. Electrical engineers are needed in various fields, including information technology, telecommunications, trains, navigation, architecture, automobiles, aircraft, and defence. Electrical Engineers are needed in various fields, from sustaining power grids to directing research and innovation of electronic products and technologies to create computer circuits.
So this is all about the 4-year structure of engineering. The top colleges in engineering include the IITs, BITS, Arya College Main Campus, and VIT, among others. They all have brilliant infrastructure along with a good placement cell.