DATA MINING

Data mining is the subfield of data science statics and computer science. Data mining is a process used by companies to turn raw and unprocessed data into useful information. By using multiple software to look for patterns in large batches of data, businesses can learn more about their customers to develop more effective marketing strategies, increase sales and decrease costs. Data mining depends on user data collection, warehousing, and computer processing.

HOW EXACTLY DOES DATA-MINING WORKS? –

Data mining involves exploring and analysing large blocks of information to collect meaningful patterns and trends. It can be used in a variety of ways, such as database marketing, credit risk management, spam Email filtering, fraud detection, or even to discern the sentiment or opinion of users.

Data mining can be broken down into five steps:

The data mining process breaks down into five stages. First, organisations collect data and load it into their data warehouses. Next, they store and manage the data, either on or the in-house cloud servers. Business analysts, management teams and information technology professionals access the data and determine how they want to organise it. Then, application software filters the data based on the user’s results, and finally, the end-user presents the data in an easy-to-share format, such as a graph or table.

  • Organising and storing the data at the Wearhouse
  • Storage and management of the data
  • Processing the data and determining how they want to arrange it.
  • Then, application software filters the data based on the user’s results.
  • To conclude, the end-user presents the data in an easy-to-share format, such as a graph or table.

 

How Data Mining Differs from Data Analysis?

Data mining should not be confused with data analysis. Data mining refers to the extraction

Of data from large data sets for simplicity. Whereas, data analysis is an extraction (mining)

Of data itself.

Data Mining at Arya College

The vast database of students; information, official work, staff information, curriculum management, and other information is safe and secured in the digital format at Arya. The process of data mining is effectively used and taught to students as well. This advanced use provides us with simplified and organised data in a ready to refer and use form. This makes Arya College one of the best engineering colleges in Rajasthan. The college offers state of the art infrastructure and expert advice of professionals with an advanced syllabus. All these factors open gates for various engineering careers for the future for our students.

 

 

 

Cybersecurity

What does cyber security mean :

Cyber security is the protection of internet-connected systems, including hardware, software and data, from cyber attackers who are trying to gain unauthorized access to your system.

Why is cyber security required?

With increasing cyber dependency, there has been an excessive rise in cyber crimes as well, which has raised the need and importance of cyber security. Cybersecurity ensures safety to almost every technological activity.

The core functionality of cyber security involves protecting and defending information and systems from major cyber threats.  Cyber threats can be posed in many different forms (e.g., application attacks, malware,phishing, ransomware, exploit kits). Unfortunately, cyber attackers have learned to launch automated and sophisticated attacks using these tactics – at lower and lower costs. As a result, keeping up with cyber security strategy and operations can be a challenge, particularly in government and enterprise networks where, in their most disruptive form, cyber threats often take aim at secret, political, military or infrastructural assets of a nation, or its people. Some threats are outlined below in more detail.

Cybersecurity and Arya College

In this tech-savvy and digital world, companies require and desire well trained and smart technical personnel. This has led to a revolution in teenagers, and almost everyone is in a way or another using information technology. 

We at Arya College teach our students to not only be up to date with the latest technological feats but with proper security measures as well so that our students and their information is not misused. All information base of Arya College itself is well secured, and there are almost no chance of any data breach, which makes Arya one of the best engineering colleges in Rajasthan

At Arya, we offer a wide array of engineering careers for the future and focus on the all-round development of our students who are well equipped with technology and well versed with secured ways to use them.

Conclusion: In this advanced world not only the potential of technology is increasing but also the advancements are opening us to more theaters. Thus cyber security is the hour of the need for protecting your valuable from cyber attackers that are just waiting to lash on your systems to misuse them. 

 

Is industrial automation a real job eater?

 

Introduction:-

Is automation taking away jobs?. This question has led scholars and analysts to ponder on this issue and come up with a definite argument. So how did this all start? With electricity being available to  industries in the early 20th century it was in the 1930’s that Tom Ford came up with an automated assembly line, which reduced the time of production and increased the number of cars by many folds, This was start of new era of automation. For the last decade of the 20th century the process of automation was moreover the same. But now everything has changed.

What’s different this time:-

The claim that recent technological advancements, especially artificial intelligence, automation, robotics, internet of things (IoT) are a threat to jobs is an argument that’s turned on its head.

If you take a closer look at the jobs that are replaced by the machines they are mostly manual labour related and blue collar jobs.

In the last couple of decades’ advancements in workflow software, content management, business rules management, productivity software, including the recent robotic process automation – in short, most information technologies – have, in fact, aided progress in orchestration and decision making as well. This means that not only the manual work, but supervision and management jobs have also been replaced by technologies.

Does this mean all the managers and blue collared workers will lose their job. The answer is no! Assuming the threat is real we should take a look at the underlying pattern here. The pattern being: automation primarily replaces the repetitive, banal and conventional parts of a knowledge worker’s job, freeing up the individual’s bandwidth to perform the real tasks expected of the knowledge worker, also creating further cash flow for the business to grow and as a whole scope of work expected of people.

The flip side of the debate is that people having a particular manual skill are still losing their jobs. Obviously, there’s an immediate burden on people to upgrade their skills or change working habits to perform real knowledge work.  However, that is what have precisely been the expectations of business as well as workers, since eternally. People get bored doing the same things over and over again, and without an external ascribe to improve their working environment, the productivity as well as motivation goes down over time.

At Arya College Jaipur:

Arya Group of Colleges offers best in class automated labs. It is one of the only few campuses which has SMT (Surface-Mount Technology) machinery available for students, which help the students to simulate the on hand machine environment. It’s not just this the best engineering college is the first MSME (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises) incubation center in the state of Rajasthan . This enables the student to harness his creativity under the guidance of experts, and gives them a learning edge against the other students as they have already acquired the technical knowledge which will be required by them in the next 5 years.

Conclusion:-

As a wise man once said “If you are not living on the edge you are taking too much  space.” In this world where  the industries are continuously evolving- machines replacing manual labour- the inventor threatened by its own invention. The only way to thrive is to keep on increasing your knowledge of the industry.

To put the debate we started with to rest. No, automation is not taking away jobs. The increase in the global industrial has never been this enormous. The only thing which automation is inflicting is rise in the demand of more technical sound workers who are efficient. The demand for skilled labour has never been this huge. The only question that remains is whether you are skillful enough to take the job or not.

Digital India

Introduction:

In the year 2015 the union government embarked on a flagship programme to transform India into a digitally empowered society and a knowledgeable economy. The project was called  Digital India Programme.

The initiative is centered on three key points

  • The development of digital infrastructure.
  • Delivery of government services digitally.
  • Eradication of digital literacy.  

Since the launch India has charted a unique path to digitization, the impact of which is inclusive, empowering and trans-formative. Today India is amongst the top two countries globally on many dimensions of digital adoption, and by the Year 2022 India’s digital economy is likely to cross one trillion dollars. India is becoming a world superpower in the field of digitization.

Impact and Growth:

The digital India initiative has led to a digital revolution in the country. The transformations it has brought about in the lives of citizens today is revolutionary. India is  making tremendous progress in the field of digital infrastructure, broadband connectivity is reaching villages. Over hundred crore mobile phones are active in the country. According to a report by Internet and Mobile Association of India internet data is becoming the tool for service delivery. India’s Internet services sector is expected to reach 76.4 billion dollars in 2020 to up by forty four percent from its current evaluation of 30.8 billion dollars in this report.

Since its launch significant progress has been made under the digital India programme in three and a half years more than 12,000 rural post office branches have been linked digitally.  Electronic transactions related to e-governance projects in the country have increased significantly in order to strengthen digital infrastructure. Two lakh seventy four thousand two hundred and forty six kilometres of optic fibre connecting more than one lakh gram panchayats under Bharat net has been laid. There’s been a rapid expansion in the network of common service centres which act as access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India positioned as strategic cornerstone of the digital India programme. VG Gao or digital village is conceptualized as a connected village where citizens can avail various e-Services of the central government state governments and private players.  In the last few years India’s digital index has grown tremendously it rose by 56 percent during 2014 to 2017 from 18 to 29 on a scale of one to hundred. This has placed the country’s second in terms of growth among 17 emerging and mature digital economies. According to McKinsey Global Institute there’s also been a steady rise in the use of Internet users in the country in the last few years due to increased availability of mobile Internet in India. India has around 300 million daily active users up from 10 to 15 million daily active users in 2011 at the current pace of growth the total number of Internet users in India is expected to be 650 million by 2020. Besides the government has also introduced a number of initiatives like digital lockers to share documents electronically the cloud storage service is now being used by millions of Indians to enable digital payments.

By 31st March 2019 the digital India initiative is not only creating empowerment but also generating employment opportunities and is promoting entrepreneurship.

The digital India initiative is transforming not just the technology space but also contributing to environmental changes, e-generation technologies will help in lowering the carbon footprint, reducing fuel consumption and waste management.

 

At ARYA GROUP of COLLEGES, JAIPUR :

Arya Group of Colleges is pioneering digital marketing as the group itself certified with Google Adwords. They arrange many certificate courses in association with Google for students’ in depth learning. Many short certificate courses are also taught to the students during their internships.

Recently Arya  College conducted 5 day free of cost seminar come workshop in digital marketing for the better learning of the students and understanding of digital marketing. The industry pioneering engineering group clearly understands that digital marketing is going to 1.6 trillion dollar market so they have introduced certificate courses in their as well curriculum so that students are ready for any sorts of challenges once they are out of Arya Group of Colleges.

It is the commitment of Arya Group of Colleges that they will provide students which are profound in every aspect to the industry.   

Conclusion:-

India is at the forefront of driving the global digital revolution forward. India’s economy is rapidly converting into a digital economy with a latter expected to touch 1 trillion dollar mark by 2022 by 2030 India will be 10 trillion dollar economy with half of this accounted for by the digital economy.

The impact of digital India campaign has still not gained full potency.The rural areas are still deprived of the benefits of digitization to a larger extent. Network issues, lack of digital infrastructure, low penetration of smartphones, poor maintenance of the existing infrastructure are still impediments in the way of a fully digitalised and modernised India.   

 

Block Chain: The Future of Information Technology

Introduction:

Block chain technology is the most hyped technology of the recent times as it is used to maintain the privacy and secrecy of the data in the fields of:

  • Finance
  • Trade
  • Stock exchange
  • Digital identity verification Syndicated lending
  • Hedge funding.

Origin:

This technique was originally developed in the year 1991 by the group of researchers with the purpose to timestamp digital documents so that it was not possible to backdate them. But this technology became famous when Satoshi Nakamoto used this technology to create of the most famous crypto currencies called Bitcoin.

A block chain is a distributed ledger that is completely open to anyone. It has an interesting property that once the data is recorded inside a block chain, it becomes very difficult to change it.

How does block chain work:

Well, let’s take a closer look at the block chain. Each block contains:

  1. Some data
  2. Hash of the block (like a fingerprint)
  3. Hash of the previous blockThe data stored inside the block depends on the type of the block chain. For example, the Bitcoin block chain stores the details about the transactions like the information of the sender, receiver and the amount of the Bitcoins that are to be transacted.

    Block chain is like P2P software, that is, peer to peer software. The system of every peer is the part of the chain making it impossible for anyone to breach this orientation. For example: If a person wants to hack into P2P chain, he will have to hack into all the peer systems at the same time, which is just next to impossible, thus making the system breach proof of any perilous activities.

    Future opportunities:

    There is a world economic forum report that says that 10% of the Global GDP of the world would be stored on block chain by 2025. It also says that 20% of the financial institutions have undertaken block chain projects in one form or the other. Also 2.3 billion dollars would be spent on block chain projects by 2021. To me, block chain is the driving force of the new business model and the new career opportunities and the new technologies that are yet to come which will change the world in terms of the financial storing of the data also it is a known fact that for every block chain developer there are around 14 Jobs available in the world right now it is the number one and the fastest growing scale on the various job sites also these job sites give 200% better  salary to what they give to an average developer.  The biggest impediments for these job sites are to find the right talent and equipment that would fulfill these roles.

    From the students perspective it becomes a concern that he or she will have to learn from the best of engineering colleges which- can help them to learn on these latest emerging technologies of the world- one of such Institute, which believes in absorbing the latest technology is Arya Group of Colleges, – ARYA MAIN CAMPUS- Jaipur. With the best of faculties having profound knowledge in such fields the college offers best of SDP (student development programs) to make the student amass these requirements which are quintessential for any good job placement.

     

    Conclusion: Block chain will change the way we communicate with our world. The movement of self-renunciation of the user from h the trusted 3rd party agencies with their information will be marked by the biggest transformation in the history of information technology.

Data Science

We all know about data, and are familiar with Science, but have you heard of Data Science? Chances are you haven’t.

What is Data Science?

Data Science is a fusion of various algorithms, tools and machine learning principles with an aim to identify hidden patterns from raw data.

Why we NEED Data Science?

In simpler times, the data generated was small in size and structured. It could be analyzed using simple tools such as BI (Business Intelligence). However, with the continuous growth and development in technology, data has become more varied and unstructured nowadays. This is why we need more complex and advanced algorithms and tools for analyzing, processing and drawing meaningful insights out of it. Simple BI tools are not capable of analyzing vast amounts of varied data.

Some of the uses of Data Science are listed below:

  • Data Science can be used in predictive analytics, like weather forecasting. We can collect data from satellites, ships, radars, and aircraft to build models. These models can thus help us predict weather and even natural calamities before they occur.
  • Data Science can be utilized in ensuring customer satisfaction. We all know how we can collect information about customers’ preference through their age, income, and browsing and purchase history. However, with new technology and Data Science reaching out to many organizations, we can now build models which help us recommend products to customers with more precision.

Potential of Data Science in Engineering Careers for the Future

Data Science is quite varied even as a field. It doesn’t lead to one but many doors. While it helps us to give meaning to unstructured data, it also helps in gaining knowledge. Precisely, Data Science can be merged with any other career and add more to it. With the advent of technology and companies looking for skilled personnel, it is essential to stay updated and deal with new tech bombs on the go.

Arya College of Engineering allows the students to stay updated in the field of technology. This is why it stands as the Top Engineering College in Jaipur. With advanced infrastructure and labs, the students can learn and grow. After 12th pass in science, students can learn and become proficient engineers in the vicinity of the Aravalli hills on our amazing eGov campus (Arya Main Campus).

Physical-Digital Integrations

Internet of Things has enabled the collection and sharing of data from physical sources through electronics, software, and sensors.

Many physical objects which generate IoT data have an isolated impact. A number of scientists and researchers have been working on integrating information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT) to develop innovative solutions for the betterment of IoT and its impact.

Physical-Digital Integrations for Better City Infrastructures

You might’ve heard of smart homes; connecting Alexa with all the electronic devices for increased comfort in daily activities. There might be a point where you might’ve encountered the word ‘smart city’ too. Well, a smart city and the idea of it may seem fascinating, but there are many things that go behind building one.

Imagine the facilities that a smart home has and then project it over an entire city to get a clear picture of what a smart city would look like. IoT is the solution for this seemingly insurmountable task, but for that, the integration of the Physical and Digital worlds is much more critical.

At Arya College Jaipur, students are taught about the latest technologies and trends in their course work and even otherwise. They are also informed about the potentiality, benefits, and disadvantages of the same.

What can be done with all the data we collect?

We can use it to build more effective and efficient models of smart cities with the help of analytical techniques.

Potential of Physical-Digital Integration in City Infrastructure

With advanced technology, an overload of data and an in-depth analysis of the same, we can reach new heights.

  • Simple things like a water canal system or a drainage system can be monitored.
  • The power supply can be distributed and monitored on a better level.
  • Solar equipment can be used for various things.
  • Fiber net and WiFi networks can be made more efficient.
  • Security systems central to cities can be made more effective.

For a student of a renowned institution like Arya College of Engineering technology becomes a friend. The Arya Main Campus is open to new innovations, and the students learn new skills every day. The list of engineering courses offered at the best engineering college in Jaipur (Arya College of Engineering) is endless and therefore, provides the students with a plethora of options to choose from.

How Internet of Things will play a Major Role in Business?

How Internet of Things will play a Major Role in Business?

You might’ve heard of Siri or for that matter Alexa. While Siri is Artificial Intelligence on your phone, Alexa is much more than that. Alexa can play songs, turn on the lights, switch off the washing machine, change the lighting intensity, and make calls and what not! We call it the smart home. A home where all devices are connected for the best use, efficiency and time management.

Having such a technology is a boon. So why not use it where it’s required the most? Internet of Things has tremendous potential in the workplace as well. To put it simply, the Internet of Things is a computing concept that describes the idea of everyday electronic physical devices being connected to the internet and being able to identify themselves to other devices.

How Internet of Things will play a Major Role in Business?

How can Internet of Things Revolutionize Business?

Listed below are some of the ways in which IoT can transform your regular workplace into a smart workplace:

  • Efficiency and Productivity: IoT can handle multiple things at once, which means employees can focus on essential elements while IoT works its magic. This not only increases productivity but also gives employees time and energy to complete their tasks efficiently.
  • Inventory Tracking: Warehouses and inventory can be tedious, and employees might get irritated focusing on inventory count. The IoT makes it a lot easier while your skilled employee can make better use of his brain.
  • No Physical Presence: IoT requires minimal human interaction which opens up a lot of new possibilities and opportunities. The company can focus on increasing their scope if they don’t have to focus on daily mundane tasks.

How Arya College of Engineering makes the best use of Technology?

Ours is one of the first eGov campuses amongst all engineering colleges in Rajasthan. The Arya main campus hosts a number of tech events and boasts of a world-class faculty. Apart from the various facilities for our students to enjoy, we also provide them with information on how to find a connection between theoretical education and technology! Arya College Jaipur has earned the reputation it deserves and has become a top engineering college in Rajasthan.

Data Security

In this age of internet being the primary source of information, we often forget that there exists a dark side behind the veil. Right from harmless click baits and cookies to hackers playing “games,” the internet, despite all its virtues, is not without its vices. As a result, it is essential for us to secure our data in order to conserve our privacy and protect our devices.

Data security simply refers to protecting data from unauthorized access and corruption. As much as we love saving passwords online and hovering on clickbait-y sites, it can have its own repercussions.

Data Breaches and Traps

Generating data is easy and harmless but what about protecting it? We are on the internet 24*7 looking for things we don’t need and unconsciously falling into traps.

Target is a big name in the U.S. for its affordable home and kitchen items, clothing, and cosmetics among others. Now, who could imagine such a conglomerate falling prey to hackers? Well, the hackers not only hacked into the system but also made use of several credit cards registered with it.

What is even more disturbing is that it all started with nothing. After all, we consider losing things like phones and laptops nothing and mundane. We even trust mobile repair shops. Apparently, a large number of Target employees were careless with passwords, and some had lost phones and laptops through which the hackers entered into the system.

How Arya College Jaipur Ensures Improved Data Security?

This should be a first for every organization, big or small. Here, at Arya College of Engineering, we are advised to generate strong passwords for online use and data protection. At a much higher level, the students of the IT department are trained in Data Security and how to act in case of a breach. Arya College is thus considered the best engineering college in Rajasthan.

Our approach to Data Security is what needs to be adopted by everyone. Having heard of data breaches of even government sites, like the RBI, we don’t take it as a joke.

Ways to Protect or Secure Data

  • Managing Access of Data: Only a handful of employees who require data at all times should be given access to data.
  • Protecting Important Data First: In case of an emergency, the organization should know which data to protect first.
  • Backup Data Regularly: regular backup, at least once a week, is absolutely necessary.
  • Developing Strong Passwords: Passwords should be unique and difficult to “guess.”

What, Why and How of Group Discussion

Group discussion is a communicative situation wherein participants are brought together/come together to discuss a specific issue/topic at hand. This could be a formal situation or an informal situation, wherein you are sitting with a group of friends and table your point of view, listening to the point of view of the other’s present, considering it and analyzing their perspective, have an healthy discussion around it and reach to a conclusion.

The discussion enriches you, as you gain more knowledge by the end of the discussion and may help you get more clarity on the topic. It also gives you an opportunity to speak and organize your thoughts, helps you flush out your fear of public speaking and get more confident with time. Not just this, but it helps you to learn to respect other’s opinion and behave when you don’t agree with them.

Same principals are applicable to a formal Group Discussion or GD. Formal GDs are conducted mostly by institutes to select a candidate and by organizations as a means to filter prospective employees.It is used as one of the preliminary elimination rounds used by the organizations to filter out large number of participants in one shot. The ones who successfully cross this impediment, are lead to the next round of technical and personal interviews.

Even if a candidate is extremely academically inclined and has done an internship from the most relevant of profiles and organizations, yet the candidate can’t escape this challenge of sitting together and sensibly debating on a topic within the given guidelines and timelines.

It tests several aspects of his personality. It tests how well read he is, is he aware of what is going around him? His communication skills. His ability to hold onto his opinion and support it with facts and logical arguments and not cow down even as the pressure mounts. It tests his tactfulness while disagreeing. His endurance as a leader as well as his conduct as a team player is on display during this particular round.

Since, it is the litmus test and unavoidable. What can a student do to be able to qualify and reach the next round of interview? Lot and lot can be done during the three to four years of college, without really stressing about it. All one needs is the right strategy.

Here are a few pointers to improve upon your GD skills:

Read- Can’t overemphasis on one thing and that is reading. If you really intend to qualify for the dream company and the dream job or that MBA institute, which you aspire to study from then you need to read. Make it a point to read at least an hour a day. One designated hour will give you enough and more material needed as content for the GD, provided you read the right material.

From the very first year of the college, you may like to subscribe to either a newspaper or an app which keeps you updated of the events around you, make sure you give about half and hour of dedicated time for the task. Slowly it will build on your knowledge and will improve the quality of your discussion even with your friends and family.

Read top 5 to 10 classics of the genre of your choice and on the most likely topics of GD. Read on a variety of topics.

Speak- Work on your communication skills, if you read enough this will help you with your vocabulary and use of words and sentences structure. Join Toastmasters and other such forums which are primarily organized to develop your communications skills your interpersonal skills and your leadership skills. Participate in Speech contests etc. to hone your communication skills and confidence. As a matter of fact participating in various public facing events helps one to gain confidence and interpersonal skills.

Rehearse- Collect a group of friends to form an indigenous group. Pick up a topic of debate/GD and have a formal debate on such topics. Make sure that this is not just a one off event, but a weekly occurrence. This could be not just educative but extremely fun.

Write- you may like to collect your thoughts around GD topics by not only reading but also writing your thoughts down, this will help you organize your thoughts and give it a concrete form.

Dress up- when you dress up properly in a formal attire it gives you confidence and a very professional apprearance.it takes just first 3 minutes to form an impression and make it a lasting one.

Body  Language- during the GD it’s good to be assertive about a certain opinion you hold, yet same needs to be conveyed very respectfully and pleasantly and not by stamping on other participant’s foot or banging your fist on the table. The body language has to be extremely relaxed and positive but formal to give an impression that you are in control. You can’t shout or loose temper. But make sure that your voice is well heard and it doesn’t get swamped in the noise all around.

Lead- usually when the topic is announced by the moderator, there is a pin drop silence of a minute or so , since everyone is hesitant and nervous. Gather your thoughts and plunge right in if you think you have a point to make. It creates a positive impact and establishes you as the leader.

But in case you want time to gather your thoughts let someone else lead. it’s better to participate at later stage with a strong proposition then a weak start.  Clarity and conciseness in presentation of your opinion is the key to formal conversation. No emotional overflow please. Speak objectively without getting impassioned. Beating around the bush takes away precious time and the argument may venture into unwarranted territories.

Facts and Figures- whenever possible using facts and figures makes your argument more objective and difficult to disprove, the more logical and fact based your arguments the more well read you appear and its difficult to supersede it.